Alvin's first settlers arrived in the 1860s after a flag station was established near the head of Mustang Slough. It is named for Alvin Morgan, hired by the rail company to oversee loadings from the rail cars.
By 1896, Alvin had an estimated population of 2,000 and several businesses, including an ice factory, a pickle works, a cotton gin, a bank, an opera house, six hotels and two weekly newspapers. Rice became a major agricultural commodity in the early 1930s, and oil was discovered.
Alvin is the hometown of baseball hall of fame pitcher Nolan Ryan, dozens of antique shops, Shimek Gardens and exotic animals at Bayou Wildlife Park. Also popular is the Froberg Farms open-air market. Depot Market Days take place the third Saturday of every month from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the Alvin Train Depot.
Alvin Community College attracts students from around northern Brazoria County. Its enrollment is about 6,000 students taking undergraduate, workforce training, continuing education and other classes.
In 2019, the city had about 26,723 residents.
Angleton is located strategically to many transportation services and corridors and is accessible via state highways 288 and 35 and FM 523. There's an extensive network of rail facilities in and near Angleton. The Texas Gulf Coast Regional Airport is in the city of Angleton's jurisdiction, and there is easy access to William P. Hobby and George Bush Intercontinental airports in Houston.
National retailers, home builders, and regional developers continue to show interest in Angleton, and plans have been accepted or are in review for significant home developments.
Sales tax collections have shown increases in double digits, a statistic reflecting a trend of growth the city has embraced and will continue to support with programs and policies that encourage business and development.
City Council adopted an ordinance establishing policies and procedures relative to the creation and operation of special districts inside city limits or extraterritorial jurisdiction. National homebuilders and regional developers continue to show interest in Angleton, and concept plans have been reviewed for major developments that comprise roughly 3,000 homes.
Residential communities have expanded with the permitting of Rosewood Phase II and III, Heritage Park Phase II, Gifford Meadows and Green Trails Subdivisions.
The city's estimated population in 2019 was 19,431.